From cotton to towelling
The basic raw material of terry towelling is cotton. This natural fibre is produced by the cotton plant that is growing in tropical and subtropical areas.
Cotton consists of the plush or the fibres which surround the seed of the cotton plant. The fibres differ in length, colour, drawing strength, ripeness, elasticity and percentage of moisture. The quality of the cotton fibres affects the final softness of the fabric. Therefore SANTENS uses only the better cotton qualities for its towels.
Spinning is the twisting of various cotton fibres to yarn. "Doubled yarn" is the result of twisting two threads after they have been spun. When only one thread is used we call this "single yarn".
Weaving is a technique in which a number of threads spread lengthwise (the warp) are "combined" with a number of threads in the width (weft) which results into a flat fabric. Terry towelling is made by adding an extra thread in the length making loops vertically on the flat fabric.
Kinds of towelling
When making up terry toweling, various production methods are used that give the endproduct each a specific characteristic.
We weave either with twisted or single yarn. Either yarn can be used for making yarn dyed or plain dyed articles. Yarn dyeing means that we first dye the yarn and then use it in the weaving process. In doing so we are able to weave colourful designs into the terrycloth. Yarn dyeing in twisted yarn is especially fit for producing clean and neatly looking designs. In plain dyeing we first weave the towels and dye them afterwards, which always results in a plain colour.
Next to this we also have printed fabric and velours. On the former a pattern is screen printed on the woven fabric. On the latter we shear the loops on one side of the towel so that a velours aspect and touch are obtained.
Product categories can be classified as follows: yardage, bathtowels, handtowels, washmits, guesttowels and beach or bodytowels.
The final quality of the towelling depends on the kind of cotton and the production method used. The density with which the fabric is made and the length of the loops are very important. Both factors determine the weight of the towels per square meter and per piece. The heavier the towel, the more cotton it contains and the better it absorps.
To become an optimal quality, Santens uses most modern technology and equipment.
Its German and Swiss made machinery is considered to be one of the most advanced in the textile industry. The combination of an experienced design staff with ultra modern photo equipment for transforming designs into towel patterns, enables us to introduce new, fashionable collections for every selling season.
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